Saar Global Marine Solutions Pvt Ltd

Repair and Maintenance

Smooth Sailing Solutions: Your Trusted Marine Repair and Maintenance Experts

Safety Valves

Introduction to Safety Valves

A safety valve is a valve that acts as a fail-safe. An example of safety valve is a pressure relief valve (PRV), which automatically releases a substance from a boiler, pressure vessel, or other system, when the pressure or temperature exceeds pre-set limits. Pilot-operated relief valves are a specialized type of pressure safety valve. A leak tight, lower cost, single emergency use option would be a rupture disk.
Safety valves were first developed for use on steam boilers during the Industrial Revolution. Early boilers operating without them were prone to explosion unless carefully operated.

Vacuum safety valves (or combined pressure/vacuum safety valves) are used to prevent a tank from collapsing while it is being emptied, or when cold rinse water is used after hot CIP (clean-in-place) or SIP (sterilization-in-place) procedures. When sizing a vacuum safety valve, the calculation method is not defined in any norm, particularly in the hot CIP / cold water scenario, but some manufacturers have developed sizing simulations.

The primary function of a safety valve is therefore to protect life and property.


Pressure excess can be generated in a number of different situations, including:

  • An imbalance of fluid flowrate caused by inadvertently closed or opened isolation valves on a process vessel.
  • Failure of a cooling system, which allows vapour or fluid to expand.
  • Compressed air or electrical power failure to control instrumentation.
  • Transient pressure surges.
  • Exposure to plant fires.
  • Heat exchanger tube failure.
  • Uncontrollable exothermic reactions in chemical plants.
  • Ambient temperature changes.

The terms ‘safety valve’ and ‘safety relief valve’ are generic terms to describe many varieties of pressure relief devices that are designed to prevent excessive internal fluid pressure build-up. A wide range of different valves is available for many different applications and performance criteria.

In most national standards, specific definitions are given for the terms associated with safety and safety relief valves. There are several notable differences between the terminology used in the USA and Europe. One of the most important differences is that a valve referred to as a ‘safety valve’ in Europe is referred to as a ‘safety relief valve’ or ‘pressure relief valve’ in the USA. In addition, the term ‘safety valve’ in the USA generally refers specifically to the full-lift type of safety valve used in Europe.

In the petroleum refining, petrochemical, chemical manufacturing, natural gas processing, power generation, food, drinks, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals industries, the term safety valve is associated with the terms pressure relief valve (PRV), pressure safety valve (PSV) and relief valve. The generic term is Pressure relief valve (PRV) or pressure safety valve (PSV). PRVs and PSVs are not the same thing, despite what many people think; the difference is that PSVs have a manual lever to open the valve in case of emergency.

Relief valve (RV): an automatic system that is actuated by the static pressure in a liquid-filled vessel. It specifically opens proportionally with increasing pressure.
Safety valve (SV): an automatic system that relieves the static pressure on a gas. It usually opens completely, accompanied by a popping sound.
Safety relief valve (SRV): an automatic system that relieves by static pressure on both gas and liquid.
Pilot-operated safety relief valve (POSRV): an automatic system that relieves on remote command from a pilot, to which the static pressure (from equipment to protect) is connected.
Low pressure safety valve (LPSV): an automatic system that relieves static pressure on a gas. Used when the difference between the vessel pressure and the ambient atmospheric pressure is small.
Vacuum pressure safety valve (VPSV): an automatic system that relieves static pressure on a gas. Used when the pressure difference between the vessel pressure and the ambient pressure is small, negative and near to atmospheric pressure.
Low and vacuum pressure safety valve (LVPSV): an automatic system that relieves static pressure on a gas. Used when the pressure difference is small, negative or positive and near to atmospheric pressure.
RV, SV and SRV are spring-operated (even spring-loaded). LPSV and VPSV are spring-operated or weight-loaded.

There is a wide range of safety valves having many different applications and performance criteria in different areas. In addition, national standards are set for many kinds of safety valves.
United States
• ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code, Section I
• ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1
• API (American Petroleum Institute) Recommended Practice 520 and API Standard 526, API Standard 2000 (low pressure – Storage tank)

European Union
European standard steam boiler safety valve
• ISO 4126 (harmonized with European Union directives)[31]
• EN 764-7 (former CEN standard, harmonized with European Union directives, replaced with EN ISO 4126-1)
• AD Merkblatt (German)
• PED 97/23/CE (Pressure Equipment Directive – European Union)

We have experience in overhauling and servicing every type of valve from most areas of Industrial, Petroleum and Marine installations. All Valves are stripped to component form, cleaned by suitable methods, then inspected to ensure they are within manufacturers tolerance prior to re-entering service

Typical valve maintenance routine includes :

1. Pre-test
2. Dissemble
3. Inspection
4. Overhaul
5. Reassemble
6. Set and Test
7. Protection
8. Certification & Report

Our Other Services

Crew Trainings

Training of officers and ratings is of utmost importance. We have a systematic approach to assessing and enhancing the competencies of crew, based on clients’ individual on-board standards.

IT Management (ship/shore based)

SAAR has in house IT team, dedicated for developing / testing various shipping related software & hardware.

Purchase (PROCUREMENT) Services

We are working to ensure that the Company vessels are provided with spare parts, consumables and provision or repair and service in a uniformed and clear manner with optimal speed and costs.

Financial / Accounting Services

We ensure that your books are in order by assisting you with Vessel operation, Payrolling and Opex, Monthly reporting to owners.

Ship Repair / Dry Dock Assistance

SAAR team has successfully assisted in completing various repair work and dry dock attendance for leading ship management companies.

Technical Management

It is our principal responsibility to ensure that the vessels operating worldwide perform as safe, economically and efficiently as possible according to the company and industry standards.

Marine / HSEQ Management

Our primary role as Marine / HSEQ Managers is to ensure safe operations of the vessels and compliance to all international marine requirements.